When someone mentions the word antibody, some people may know it is an immunology term, which is widely used in the biology and medical sciences. However, when someone mentions the word custom antibody, few people know it.
In this article, I will provide a brief introduction to consumer antibodies. In order to explain this clearly, I will first give a definition of an antibody.
1. What are antibodies?
Antibodies are immunoglobulins made by a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. These are large Y-shaped proteins in the immune system that respond to the presence of antigens such as bacteria or viruses. To know more about antibodies, you can also navigate https://www.bosterbio.com/featured-products.
Image Source: Google
Each antibody contains a specific "paratope" that can mark a specific "epitope" on the antigen. With this binding mechanism, antibodies can fight or neutralize their targets against other parts of the immune system.
2. When are antibodies detected?
Conventional antibodies were first mentioned in research carried out by scientists in the early 1980s. They extracted blood serum proteins and injected them into rabbits. The rabbit's body recognizes foreign proteins and produces these antibodies specifically for individual proteins.
3. How can specific antibodies help scientists?
They help scientists produce specific antibodies to accept certain conditions, and the response rates show the degree of evolutionary relationships. This can speed up the search for the evolutionary tree of living things and the production of protein to fight disease.